Eduard Semyonovich Gorokhovsky was born in Vinnytsia (Ukraine). In 1973 he moved to Moscow and met the “Sretensky Boulevard” artist circle (I. Kabakov, V. Pivovarov, E. Bulatov and others.), who exerted enormous influence on Gorokhovsky’s later creative journeys. As one of the first nonconformist artists, Gorkhovsky began to use photographs as the basis for his paintings. The artist reproduced old photographic portraits, into which he inserts texts, geometric figures and so on. In his famous 1990 work “Stalin-Lenin”, Gorokhovsky recreates the famous photograph of Stalin of the 1930s from several dozen copies of less well-known photographs of Lenin from the 1920s, simultaneously highlighting the unity of consciousness and ideology of the communist leaders.